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雅思阅读考试文章分析英语美文网

来源:天下第七文学网    时间:2020-10-19




雅思阅读文章来源于哪里?雅思阅读文章类型有什么特点?今天小编给大家带来了雅思阅读考试文章分析,希望能够帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

雅思阅读考试文章分析 来源类型结构一一揭秘

一、雅思阅读文章来源分析

我们都知道,雅思阅读文章多从世界著名的网站杂志报刊中选取,但是了解具体是哪些网站吗?下面就给大家分享一下,大家可以在休闲的时候多浏览一下上面的文章,对大家雅思阅读备考非常有帮助。

雅思阅读A类的文章大部分选自国外人文类、经济类和科学类的知名报纸、杂志或各政府、组织的研究报告。例如:

1. New Scientist 这本杂志被用到的频率最高,如剑四中的Lost for Words, Play is a Serious Business,剑五中的What’s So Funny?, Flawed Beauty: the Problem with Toughened Glass,和剑六中的多篇文章 Australia’s Sporting Success, Climate Change and the Inuit, Graying Population Stays in the Pink, Do Literate Women Make Better Mothers?

2. The Economist 列居其次,如剑五中的The Truth about the Environment, 剑六中的Delivering the Goods.

3. 还有American Scientist和Scientific American这两个主要的美国学术期刊,例如剑五的Disappearing Delta和剑六的The Search for Anti-aging Pills.

4. 当然还有National Geographic。但是值得注意的是,因为这是休闲杂志,所以只作为了G类的阅读,如剑六中的Pterosaurs.

除了以上提到的若干来源之外,雅思A类的阅读文章还出自Nature, Discover, Time (Europe), Boston Global, History Today等其余期刊或杂志。至于是哪次考试的哪篇文章,由于敏感原因在这里就不在透露。

G类的阅读中前两部分通常是实用性强的功能性短文,如菜单、产品说明、通知、住宿安排和广告等,非常贴近西方的实际生活。这就要求考生们争取每天阅读一定 量的原版英文报刊、书籍,如time、reader’s digest等,尤其注意其中的各种各样的广告。并非要读懂每一个字,或完全理解,只要能理解其中大至含义既可。

了解这些雅思文章出处之后对于广大考生平时进行泛读训练具有很好的指导作用。考生可以从以上杂志期刊的官方网站上搜索到相关背景文章进行有针对性的阅读训练。

二、雅思阅读文章类型分析

雅思阅读难备考,可能是因为文章的专业性。毕竟大多数同学平时都不太会深入了解一些自然类科技类医学类……相关领域的最新知识。因为背景知识的缺乏,很多考生花费大量时间来理解文章,而导致做题时间紧张。所以,烤鸭们在平常的备考中要对一些不熟悉的领域涉猎一下,增强自己的背景知识理解能力。

雅思阅读文章分类如下:

1. 关于欧洲及世界社会发展,经济状况,科学动向以及文化交流的文章

自1995年雅思考试的题型做出重大改革以后,有两条原则就被命题的剑桥大学考试委员会(UCLES)反复强调非专业原则和国际化原则。为了使不同地域,不同政治经济体制,不同肤色,不同文化背景的人能平等且毫无理解困难地参与雅思,法律及专业性较强的医学,生物学,哲学,文学,艺术等的文章已经不再作为雅思的考查范围。

就可能涉猎的文章类型而言,以下几个方面的内容经常作为考点出现:

·世界范围的就业状况

·语言学,考古学,生物学,简单医学(单词量不会影响对文章的理解)

·世界范围内的教育状况,经济发展的问题,机遇及挑战(粮食,能源)

·女权注意及女性歧视问题癫痫病公立医院p>

·环境保护(海洋,生物,陆地,森林等)及环境污染(化学,石油泄漏等)

·种族,民族问题

·人口爆炸及居住问题,城市化及相关问题(交通拥挤,设施缺乏,噪声等)

2. 关于地球,自然界的科学现象及地理现象的文章

这种文章类型在I中最为普遍,其涵盖面之广无从细分,但就最近一年以来考试文章分析,主要还是以下几种类型:

·太空,宇宙概况,以及外星生物探讨等

·全球气候变暖,厄尔尼诺,洋流异常,臭氧层破坏

·地球灾难,火山爆发,地震,彗星撞地球,森林大火,生物灭绝

3. 人类历史发展中重要事件,重要人物及重要标志性产品

这也是雅思中经常出现的一种重要的文章类型,但自1998年开始对重要人物的考查总是和重要事件交织在一起,不再单独罗列。人类历史上的重大发明和表明人类文明辉煌成就的重大事件也是重点考查内容(发明电视,电影,计算机及登陆月球)。

三、雅思阅读文章结构分析

雅思阅读的学术性决定了其深度和难度,却也限制了文章的结构、使其必须符合一定的学术规范。学术性文章的写作对象可以天南海北、作者观点可以光 怪陆离,但是行文论证必须规范严密,所以雅思阅读的层次结构相对固定。就目前出版的十本剑桥雅思系列而言,学术类阅读大致可分为两类:说明文和议论文。其 中,说明文从客观的角度介绍或陈述一个既定的事实,议论文则通常针对某个特定的问题进行分析和论证,有时一并提出解决的方案。如下的表格对雅思阅读及相应 的文章结构做了一个粗浅的分类:

从备考角度出发,对雅思学术阅读文章进行结构分析是一种有效的应试策略,在针对乱序题、尤其是考生弃之如敝履的信息包含题这方面,其作用尤为突出。

雅思阅读模拟练习题:完成句子题

Striking Back at Lightning With Lasers

Seldom is the weather more dramatic than when thunderstorms strike. Their electrical fury inflicts death or serious injury on around 500 people each year in the United States alone. As the clouds roll in, a leisurely round of golf can become a terrifying dice with death - out in the open, a lone golfer may be a lightning bolt's most inviting target. And there is damage to property too. Lightning damage costs American power companies more than $100 million a year.

But researchers in the United States and Japan are. planning to hit back. Already in laboratory trials they have tested strategies for neutralising the power of thunderstorms, and this winter they will brave real storms, equipped with an armoury of lasers that they will be pointing towards the heavens to discharge thunderclouds before lightning can strike.

The idea of forcing storm clouds to discharge their lightning on command is not new. In the early 1960s, researchers tried firing rockets trailing wires into thunderclouds to set up an easy discharge path for the huge electric charges that these clouds generate. The technique survives to this day 河北治癫痫病费用at a test site in Florida run by the University of Florida, with support from the Electrical Power Research Institute (EPRI), based in California. EPRI, which is funded by power companies, is looking at ways to protect the United States' power grid from lightning strikes. 'We can cause the lightning to strike where we want it to using rockets,' says Ralph Bernstein, manager of lightning projects at EPRI. The rocket site is providing precise measurements of lightning voltages and allowing engineers to check how electrical equipment bears up.

Bad behaviour

But while rockets are fine for research, they cannot provide the protection from lightning strikes that everyone is looking for. The rockets cost around $1,200 each, can only be fired at a limited frequency and their failure rate is about 40 per cent. And even when they do trigger lightning, things still do not always go according to plan. 'Lightning is not perfectly well behaved,' says Bernstein. 'Occasionally, it will take a branch and go someplace it wasn't supposed to go.'

And anyway, who would want to fire streams of rockets in a populated area ? 'What goes up must come down,' points out Jean-Claude Diels of the University of New Mexico. Diels is leading a project, which is backed by EPRI, to try to use lasers to discharge lightning safely - and safety is a basic requirement since no one wants to put themselves or their expensive equipment at risk. With around $500,000 invested so far, a promising system is just emerging from the laboratory.

The idea began some 20 years ago, when high-powered lasers were revealing.their ability to extract electrons out of atoms and create ions. If a laser could generate a line of ionisation in the air all the way up to a storm cloud, this conducting path could be used to guide lightning to Earth, before the electric field becomes strong enough to break down the air in an uncontrollable surge. To stop the laser itself being struck, it would not be pointed straight at the clouds. Instead it would be directed at a mirror, and from there into the sky. The mirror would be protected by placing lightning conductors close by. Ideally, the cloud-zapper (gun) would be cheap enough to be installed around all key power installations, and portable enough to be taken to international sporting events to beam up at brewing storm clouds.

A stumbling block

However, there is still a big stumbling block. The laser is no nifty portable: it's a monster that takes up a whole room. Diels is trying to cut down the siz西安好的癫痫病医院e and says that a laser around the size of a small table is in the offing. He plans to test this more manageable system on live thunderclouds next summer.

Bernstein says that Diels's system is attracting lots of interest from the power companies. But they have not yet come up with the $5 million that EPRI says will be needed to develop a commercial system, by making the lasers yet smaller and cheaper. 'I cannot say I have money yet, but I'm working on it,' says Bernstein. He reckons that the forthcoming field tests will be the turning point - and he's hoping for good news. Bernstein predicts 'an avalanche of interest and support' if all goes well. He expects to see cloud-zappers eventually costing $50,000 to $100,000 each.

Other scientists could also benefit. With a lightning 'switch' at their fingertips, materials scientists could find out what happens when mighty currents meet matter. Diels also hopes to see the birth of 'interactive meteorology' - not just forecasting the weather but controlling it. 'If we could discharge clouds, we might affect the weather,' he says.

And perhaps, says Diels, we'll be able to confront some other meteorological menaces. 'We think we could prevent hail by inducing lightning,' he says. Thunder, the shock wave that comes from a lightning flash, is thought to be the trigger for the torrential rain that is typical of storms. A laser thunder factory could shake the moisture out of clouds, perhaps preventing the formation of the giant hailstones that threaten crops. With luck, as the storm clouds gather this winter, laser-toting researchers could, for the first time, strike back.

雅思阅读小范围预测

文章题目 We have star performers

重复年份 20160114 20121124

题材 商业管理

题型 段落细节配对 4+判断 4+填空 5

文章大意 人才与天赋,讨论人才和选人标准之间的论证。讲公司考核员工主要的依据,

talents,

文章批判了传统的观点(才能是与生俱来的,是不变的,是需要公司去发现的)。文章先用一段肯定了有才能的人的存在,然后分段讲到,才能是随时间变化的,是不能被精确度量的,是可以凭努力换来的。

文章题目 The influence of social network to people's loneliness

重复年份 20140920 20130622

题材 人文社科

题型 配对 6+选择 4+判断 4

武汉好的癫痫病医院是哪家: left;">文章大意

社交媒体对人孤独的影响.越来越多的人开始使用社交媒体,有些人认为社交媒体使人变得更加孤独,有些人却不同意。在大学生中做了一个调查,结果表明孤独感与人们花时间在社交媒体上无关。社交媒体会使人变得焦虑,也会让人上瘾。

文章题目 Expert in musician

重复年份 20160130 20140517

题材 人文社科

题型 选择 4+判断 6+填空 4

文章大意

天赋是遗传先天的还是靠练习,主要以音乐为例。讨论坚持不懈对成功的作用和他们的关系。首先探讨了毅力是否是成功的必要条件,并阐述了众多学家就此提出的各类观点。在论证天才是不是也需要坚持不懈时,举例了莫扎特一个人坚持找工作的过程。最后证明了坚持不懈和成功的关系密切。部分参考答案:

选择:

1. what's the definition of talent in the first paragraph

brain structure different from others

2. what can we learn from violin players?

Not sure the change of brain size is the cause of effect of practice

3. the result of findings by experts suggest

Talent may have little to do with ....

判断题:

1. ericsson's study has influenced other researchers. NG

2. the other areas have one thing in common. Y

3. whose who becoe world scale practice regularly every day NG

4. anyone who practiced over 10.000 will become a talent N

5. current learning and cognitive skills support the practice theory Y

填空题:

Receive a lot of practice from his father. .... first symphony at the age

of four....not

popular...but not inherited.


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